Horror in Jonestown: Cult Survivor Recalls Brainwashing, Blackmail & Mass Suicide
Sprung from a church in 1950s Indiana, the People’s Temple was hailed by its charismatic founder Reverend Jim Jones as a vehicle for a utopia called Jonestown, where solidarity could thrive, sickness be cured, and the ills of the world left at the door.
But on November 18, 1978, the church became a conduit for murder and mass suicide when in Guyana, South America, the American preacher marshalled hundreds of his followers to drink Kool-Aid laced with cyanide.
A total of 909 people died in Jonestown, a village reclaimed from the rainforest and styled to the outside world as a paradise on Earth. But the reality was that Jones was keeping people captive who no longer wished to be part of People’s Temple.
Evidence from FBI files suggests those living in the isolated community had been conditioned into believing their lives were in danger from outside forces. Jones kept records of residents, claiming they would commit “revolutionary suicide” or extreme violence in the event People’s Temple was ever threatened.
Jonestown & Jim Jones
Former People’s Temple member Laura Johnston Kohl lived in cottage 52 of the jungle commune. Speaking to RT.com, Johnston Kohl relives the moments she went from building a rainforest community to realizing too late that Jim Jones had in fact been “collecting” people, followers he would later help kill in a final show of power.
“Jim always had a public persona and the back side of that was devious. He was a genius at keeping it hidden,”Johnston Kohl says over the phone. “From early on until nearly the end I used to believe he was sane, focused and righteous. I don’t believe that anymore.”
One of hundreds seeking a more fair and racially diverse society, Johnston Kohl cast aside her life in the US to travel to Guyana in 1977. She survived the cult killings only after relocating in October to the People’s Temple administrative hub in Georgetown, Guyana.
“I think from an early age Jim went into a church and saw a minister sitting up front of this whole auditorium of people, silent, listening to the leader, and he said ‘that’s the job I want’.
“I think it had nothing to do with religion, nothing to do with quoting bible scripture. I think he was always motivated to have power. When it was convenient for him I think he was an egalitarian. In the actual deaths, when he killed all the people, it was his power showing – ‘I can have nearly 1,000 people kill themselves because I tell them to'.”
Johnston Kohl first moved into a People’s Temple commune in California, seven years before the journey to South America. Amid a chaotic political climate with the war waging in Vietnam, she struggled to find her place in the world until she found the People’s Temple.
The new age church’s move 2,000 miles from Indianapolis to Redwood Valley, California, provided Jones with a new audience upon which to impress his self-constructed cult persona. Former members remain split on the subject, but Jones is known to have faked healings to boost his messiah-like image.
While expressing belief that Jones had an extra dimensional power, Don Beck wrote how bloody tumors coughed up in sermons were “chicken livers” and stooges sometimes used to portray a miraculous recovery. Kohl believes Jones was able to amass a following by making people duty-bound.
“What Jim tried to do in a pretty organized way was to get somebody indebted to him. So if seniors joined it might be because Jim got their son out of prison, or he got their grandchildren out of gangs. He serviced people in important ways,” she said.
White Night & blackmail
At Jonestown, Johnston Kohl’s energy was poured into developing agriculture for self-sustained living. People built houses, grew sweet potatoes and developed cottage industries. The happy memories are tainted with much darker elements that we now know existed within the community.